AI for an Intelligent Planet

- An IJCAI 2011 Workshop

Workshop Summary

Important Dates

Paper Submission :
Wednesday, 20 April 2011 (extended)

Notification :
Friday, 6 May 2011

Camera Ready Due :
Monday, 16 May 2011

Workshop Date :
Monday, 18 July 2011

Organizers: Biplav Srivastava – IBM Research, India; Carla Gomes – Cornell; Anand Ranganathan – IBM Research, Watson

Workshop logistics:

The workshop was scheduled on a Monday immediately before the start of the conference. About 30 people had registered for it and the attendance was 15-25 throughout the day. We had attendees from around the world including Australia, Brazil, India, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, UK, USA.

Tidbits - We had some projector issues during the day causing the agenda to slip into the coffee breaks. But the conference organizers graciously reserved and brought the goodies directly to our room thereby allowing a small party during the day! There is a small video clip of it – ask organizers if you want to see.

The details about the discussion are below. The workshop proceedings is online at the conference site:

The ACM Digital proceedings are also available online here

  9:15 - 10:00 Invited Talk
    Building Geospatial Mashups - Prof. Craig Knoblock, ISI

The presentation described a system for creating geo-spatial mashups. It also summarized the current state of art.
  - commercial application overlaying prices and property details, over maps
  - Crisis Management scenario
    * Integrate news, injuries, assets about hospitals,
    * Steps are: data retrieval, source modeling, data cleaning, data integration,  data visualization
    * Craig's approach is to do integration-by-example on sample data; system  is called "Karma"
      - Source modeling: trying to infer models from labels and data instances
      - Karma can propose joins based on schema formats of the other sources
        and their inter-relationships
      - Uses Google geo-coding services; US addresses
      - Wrapper for web sites is from commercial companies (Fetch)
   - The mashups could be potentially used in assembling city's data instances;
   - They do not factor any geo-spatial standards presently.

  10:00 - 11:00 Reviewed Paper Presentations
     [Full Paper: 30 mins]
     A Negotiation Protocol for Multiple Interdependent Issues Negotiation
     Over Energy Exchange
     Authors: Muddasser Alam, Alex Rogers and Sarvapali Ramchurn

     - Presented work on negotiation and sharing of energy for households with
       battery power; shows that is is beneficial with exchange than without

     [Full Paper: 30 mins]
     Alarm Processing with Model-Based Diagnosis of Event Discrete Systems
     Authors: Andreas Bauer, Adi Botea, Alban Grastien, Patrik Haslum and Jussi Rintanen

     - Built models of utilities power assets which was missing; most utilities have
       the information on paper only
     - Showed that it can be used for diagnostics

  11:00 - 11:30 Coffee break

  11:30 - 13:00 Context Setting, Reviewed Demos, Reviewed Short Papers

    [Context setting: 30 mins]

    Computational Sustainability - Carla Gomes [Academia Perspective]


    - Seeded by NSF's $10m grant called "Expedition in Computing"
    - "Citizen sciences" - people as the sensor for birds
    - Spatio Temporal explortory models for occurence of birds species at the
      scale of 35km x 35km grid unit
    - Doing a project on tiger conservation in India – check

    Smarter * - Biplav Srivastava [Industry Perspective]
    - Discussed the business case: addressable inefficiency of USD 4 trillion
    - Discussed IBM's efforts including IOC platform
    - Discussed that academia and business can work together on methods as well as the platforms

    [Tool Demo/ Short: 15 mins]
    Using Business Content Explorer for Smarter Traffic Projects
    Authors: Sumana Bhat, Karen Brown, Ankur Jain, Bipin Joshi, Biplav Srivastava,
             Srikanth Tamilselvam and Terrence White

- Described a method to extract and collate traffic collect, and present it to IT professionals
- The extractors were off-the-shelf but the organization method and tools had novelty.

    [Short Paper: 15 mins]
    Ontology based Qualitative Case Studies for Sustainability Research
    Authors: Dong Han and Kilian Stoel

- Made a case for using ontologies in sustainability

  13:00 - 14:30 Lunch break

  14:30 - 15:30 Reviewed Paper Presentations

   [Full Paper: 30 mins]
   Building a Highly Consumable Semantic Model for Smarter Cities
   Authors: Rosario Uceda-Sosa, Biplav Srivastava and Robert Schloss

  Described an  attempt to model common information models and events in the city landscape using semantic web technologies, and tie them to standards. Models are used to generate IT artifacts.
   - Questions on how modularity of models, the level of abstraction chosen;
     Response: guided by consumption patterns; 80/20 rule
   - Question on whether model is packaged with analytics
     Response: model packaged with sanity checking queries; de-coupled with
     analytics which can change over time
   - Questions raised on how data sources will be connected
     Response: most of modeling at concept level, not data sources; tooling need   to instantiate and connect with data sources - this way, model is not  tied to specific examples.

   [Full Paper: 30 mins]
   Cities that offer a unique and personalized tourist experience to
   each and every visitor: the Smartourism project
   Authors: Luis Castillo Vidal, Francisco Palao, Juan Fernandez Olivares, Oscar Garcia

Described a system based on planning technology to recommend a user what to see based on their specific physical, financial, temporal and sight-seeing needs.
   - Creates travel plan based on user type (e.g., disability), time available, ..
   - Uses Hierarchical Task Network Planning inside; planner itself published at ICAPS;
     lots of specialization based on
   - IActive Knowledge Studio - workbench to create planning applcations

   15:30 - 17:00 Open/ Panel Discussion
   "Issues of Focus for AI Community: Perspective from around the world"
   Kicked off by:
    - Jussi Rintanen : Australia;   - Luis Vidal : Europe;  Participants joined in 
    - Research areas the group identified in the discussion:
      * Model creation should be simplified. Creating the model took them a couple
        of months [for Jussi in energy]; the network information was with customers
        on papers only. Model is a basic input for any analysis.
      * How to make systems usable; HCI issues; technological maturity of users is
        low [Luis]
      * Reduce time to value and sensing challenges, by using social media and
        phone based sensing [Biplav].
      * Make problem formalizations and data sets available [Carla]
        - Akin to SATLife site
        - Have portal for different areas; Carla suggested she can provide on
          transportation which Biplav can moderate
      * Study of incentives is important; how it connects to regulations, and what
        we induce (finance, environment) [Dong Han, Swiss group, J. Sichman]
      * Other side discussions

  We concluded at the Coffee break at 17:00.